For the descendents of Richard Dearie and his son John Russell
Extracts from Newspapers
The London Gazette 17 February 1837
Notice is hereby given, that the Copartnership heretofore subsisting between us, Richard Dearie and William Francis Mould, carrying on business at No. 1 Union-place, New-road, in the county of Middlesex, as wine, Spirit and Ale merchants, has been dissolved by mutual consent; all debts due to or from the said co-partnership are to be paid by the said William Francis Mould, by whom the said business will be continued: As witness our hands this 16th day of February 1837. Richard Dearie. W. Frs. Mould.
The Champion and Weekly Herald Sunday 26 February 1837 p 192 Partnerships dissolved. Richard Dearie and William Francis Mould, of I. Union Place, New-road, wine merchants-
The London Gazette 30 June 1837
Notice is hereby given, that the Copartnership heretofore existing between Richard Dearie and William Francis Mould, of No. 1, Union-place, New-road, Mary-le-bone, in the county of Middlesex, Wine and Spirit Merchants, was, this 28th June 1837, dissolved by mutual consent; and all debts due to or from the said estate will be received and paid by the above William Francis Mould.
The Glasgow Herald Friday 9 December 1853
DEATHS Suddenly, at St George’s Road, on 7th instant, Mr. John Dearie aged 81 years.
Caledonian Mercury Edinburgh 11 March 1856
Marriages BURY, DEARIE- At St Mary’s Church, Glasgow, Henry Heaton Bury, Esq., New York, US, to Maria, eldest daughter of Mr. Richard Dearie, wine-merchant, Glasgow.
From Caledonian Mercury Edinburgh 27 March 1856
SEIZURE OF AN EXTENSIVE ILLICIT DISTILLERY. One of the most extensive seizures of illicit spirits, etc., that has ever been made in Scotland was successfully effected on Tuesday by Inland Revenue officers. The premises are situated at 81, Glassford-street, and are at present used as a spirit cellar. Mr. James Pagan’s name appears on the door, but we have been requested to state that the gentleman sold or sub-let the premises to a Mr. Richard Dearie in September last. The license is, however, in Mr Pagan’s name, a transfer in favour of Dearie never having been obtained. From certain circumstances connected with the premises which reached the ears of the excise officials two Excise detective officers from London, named Mr B. J. Elmy and Mr. James Faith, both of whom are at present on a professional visit to Glasgow, called at the shop on Tuesday forenoon, about 11 o’clock, and asked for Mr. Dearie, but were informed that he was out of town. Informing the two men who were in attendance that they wished to examine the premises, the detectives accompanied by one or two ?town officers, descended by the trap stair to the cellars, which are situated right under the floor of the Trades Hall and formed by the brick arching which supports the first or street floor of that building. The place being quite dark, one of the officers returned to the shop for a light, and observing the face of one of the shopmen become a little florid, he suspected there was something wrong. Proceeding with the light to the cellars detective Elmy discovered in a recess a hogshead which was partially filled with molasses. Near this hogshead a door was detected which appeared to form part of the wall. On this door a number of marks caused by fingers smeared in molasses were visible. The key of this door being missing, one of the officers inquired of the shopman what the premises contained. The shopman replied that they were sublet to the proprietors of the Trades hall and that he could not tell what they contained. Skeleton keys were, however, procured, and the door being opened, the officers discovered two large stills, which had every appearance of having been recently in operation. These stills were capable of throwing off 120 gallons every 24 hours, and injuring the revenue to the extent of £2 an hour. The officers destroyed a large quantity of wash, and a quantity of privately made spirits. They also seized about 700 gallons of beer, together with all the stock in trade, consisting of wines, spirits and other liquors. Mr. Dearie’s son-in-law, being on the premises at the time, was apprehended and fined £30, which is expected to be paid immediately. The shopman has also been apprehended. We understand that Dearie is connected with other two spirit cellars in the city, both of which do extensive business. –Glasgow Daily Mail.
Glasgow Herald Fri 28 Mar 1856
(The following appeared in our late edition of Wednesday) AUDACIOUS SMUGGLING IN GLASGOW Yesterday afternoon, one of the most audacious cases of smuggling which we have heard of for a lengthened period was brought to light. Mr. Joseph Townsend, Supervisor of Excise, in company with several of his officers, repaired to the spirit establishment at the South side of the entrance to the Trades Hall, Glassford Street, and in the cellars seized apparatus for conducting an extensive illicit distillery- and this, too, under the very wing of the Deacon-Convener, and in the very heart of Glasgow. The premises in question was lately occupied by Mr. James Pagan, a spirit dealer, whose name they at present bear, but we are informed that they were handed over in September last to Mr. Richard Dearie, spirit dealer, occupier of shops in Port Dundas Road and Candleriggs. The cellars are in connection with the spirit shop alluded to and situated immediately under the Trades’ Hall. The officers found, amongst other articles, two whisky stills, capable conjointly of containing upwards of 100 gallons. The stills were warm, and bore evidence of having been recently in operation. In the cellars were also found a large number of casks, and tubs containing molasses wash, low wines and spirits etc. Several cartloads of the distilling apparatus were conveyed in the course of the evening to the Inland Revenue Office. A person acting as manager, whom Mr. Townsend found on the premises, was at once apprehended, and taken before Bailie Wright, one of our city magistrates, on a charge of being found in apartments where illicit distilling was being carried on. He was convicted, and sentenced to pay a fine of £30, or suffer three months imprisonment.
From Caledonian Mercury Edinburgh 2 April 1856
Provincial Intelligence. THE RECENT SEIZURE IN GLASGOW.- Ebenezer Taket, one of the shopmen in the employment of Mr. Dearie, 81 Glassford Street, Glasgow, in whose premises the Excise made an extensive seizure of illicit spirits etc., a few days ago was, on Saturday last, brought before William McLean, jun., Esq. of Plantation, Justice of the Peace, and fined £30, with the alternative of three months imprisonment, having been found on the premises when the seizure was made. The fine has not yet been paid. The other shopman has been set at liberty, the fine having been paid on the night he was apprehended.
Glasgow Herald Fri 09 May 1856 Lanarkshire, Scotland, JUSTICE Justice of the Peace Court. Illicit Distillation, - Yesterday at this court, before George Mitchell, Esq., and John Poynter, Esq., Justices, Richard Deary was called upon to answer a contravention of the Act 3 Geo IV., cap. 52, secs 113 and 114, and 9 Geo. IV., c. 45, by having in his premises, situated at 81 Glassford Street, on the 25th March last, two stills, two worms, seven tuns, one cask containing molasses, one boiler, two measures, whereby he had incurred a penalty of £200 for being in possession of the premises where said stills were found, and £200 for each of the two stills and 13 concealed vessels, amounting to $3200; and further, for being in possession of said worms, stills, tuns, cask, boiler and measures, he had subjected himself to a further penalty of £3200; and for being in possession of feints, a further sum of £100: making the total amount of penalties incurred £6500. Deary did not appear, and the case was gone into in absence. Mr. Joseph Townsend, Supervisor of Excise, proved the serving of the summons, and stated that in company with his officers he proceeded to the premises occupied by Richard Deary but bearing the name of James Pagan, where he found in the vaults, situated in the sunk floor, two stills to which worms of large condensing power were attached. The cold water for condensation was obtained from water pipes. There were regular furnaces underneath the stills, and they appeared to have been recently used. Witness enumerated in detail the other articles which he found on the premises. The vaults in question were fitted up with all the requisite articles for carrying out an illegal distillation; and from the appearance of the stock in the front shop (only eight gallons of spirits being found) it was evident that greater attention had been directed to the trade carried on underneath. The stills were capable of manufacturing 300 gallons of spirits weekly. Barry, the shopman, said that Deary had gone to Liverpool, and that he had the keys to the cellars – Henry Townsend, Officer of Excise, in consequence of instructions received from Mr. Joseph Townsend, went to the shop occupied by Richard Deary. Witness detailed the number of articles seized. - James Pagan, agent in Glasgow- I occupied the premises No. 81 Glassford Street, and the rooms and range of vaults, from 1840 up till October 1855. During that period I occupied the premises for the sale of spirits, to be consumed on the premises. On October last Richard Deary applied to me to take my stock and goodwill of the business, I having expressed a wish to retire from the trade in consequence of ill heath. After some negotiation I entered into agreement with defendant, agreeing to sell him the stock and goodwill of the business. (The agreement was produced.) I see that it is dated September last, and have made a mistake in saying October. Deary paid £100 for the premises, and since that time he has been sole occupant. My constituents (Messrs. Aitchison & Co., of Edinburgh), to whom I owed money, got payment of part of the sum defendant agreed to pay me. I produce the letter of agreement. It was part of that agreement that until the defendant paid up the full amount as should not be held as having parted with the possession of the articles sold to him, and that the certificate and retail license issued in my name should not be transferred to defendant, and the consequence was that my name remained upon the premises. I allowed my letters to be addressed to me at the premises, and called there for them. After Deary was in possession I was two or three times in the room underneath the shop in Glassford Street, but never in any of the other cellars. -Robert Sinclair, writer, said he drew up the agreement. Richard Deary called on me several times previous to September regarding the purchase of the stock and goodwill of the premises No. 81 Glassford Street, and James Pagan and Richard Deary instructed me to prepare the agreement. Several meetings took place between the parties, as Deary gave no security; but they ultimately agreed, and I prepared the written agreement, to which they adhibited their signatures. Deary entered on possession two or three days thereafter. The sum was to be paid in installments at six, nine and twelve months, and I think I received about £60, which I transmitted to Edinburgh. The Justices having considered the information and the evidence adduced, found the charges in several counts thereof proved, and found the defendant liable to penalties, amounting in whole to £3300- Mr. Townsend limited the penalties to the first count, and including the £100 penalty for the feints. A similar information was laid against James Pagan, whose name was above the premises; but, under the circumstances, Mr. Townsend felt himself justified in withdrawing the charge.
From the Caledonian Mercury Saturday 10 May 1856
THE RECENT SEIZURE IN GLASGOW.- On Thursday Richard Dearie, on whose premises, in Glassford Street, Glasgow, an illicit still was found a short time ago by the Excise officers, was fined in the full penalties by the Justice of the Peace, amounting to £3300.
Dundee, Perth, and Cupar Advertiser - Tuesday 13 May 1856 p.2,At Glasgow on Thursday, Richard Deary was fined £3300 for having in his spirit cellars in Glassford Street, Glasgow, two illicit stills and appurtenances.
Liverpool Mercury - Monday 12 May 1856 pg 2, Falkirk Herald - Thursday 15 May 1856. p.2, Carlisle Journal - Friday 16 May 1856p.8,Blackburn Standard - Wednesday 21 May 1856 p.1 ,Bucks Herald - Saturday 31 May 1856 p. 4,A Heavy Penalty. At the Justice of the Peace Court Glasgow, on Thursday, Richard Deary, the tenant of the spirit shop and cellars in Glassford street , Glasgow, where the two illicit stills were recently discovered , was fined in the sum of £3300.
Blackburn Standard - Wednesday 14 May 1856, p.3 At the Justice of the Peace Court, Glasgow, on Thursday Richard Deary, the tenant of the spirit shop and cellars in Glassford Street, Glasgow, where the two illicit stills were recently discovered, was fined in the sum of £3300.
Stirling Observer Thursday 15 May 1856 Conviction for Illicit Distillation. At the Justice of the Peace Court in Glasgow on Thursday, before George Mitchell Esq., and John Poynter, Esq., Richard Deary was found guilty of having concealed in his spirit cellars in Glassford Street, two illicit stills with appurtenances, and was found liable in penalties amounting to £3300. Deary is not to be found, but of course, the Excise will take the property he has left behind him for the fine, so far as it will go. A similar information to the above was laid against James Pagan, late spirit dealer, whose name was on the premises, but the Supervisor withdrew the charge, being satisfied that Mr. Pagan has nothing to do with the premises at the time of the seizure.
Leeds Intelligencer Sat 28 June 1856 Last week Richard Deary, who was convicted, on 8th May last, for carrying on an extensive illicit manufacture of whisky underneath the Trades Hall, Glasgow, and fined in penalties amounting to £3300, was apprehended and lodged in prison.
The London Gazette 3 March 1857
COURT FOR THE RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS. Saturday the 28th day of February 1857. ORDERS have been made, vesting in the Provisional Assignee the Estates and Effects of the following Persons: On their own Petitions. Richard Dearie, late of No.2 Murray-street, New North-road, Middlesex, Commission Agent for the sale of Ale and Beer.- In the Debtors’ Prison for London and Middlesex.
Morning Chronicle - Thursday 5 March 1857, p.8. and Morning Post - Thursday 5 March 1857, p.7 Insolvent Debtors Court Portugal Street. Before Chief Commissioner Law, at 11. Sureties: Richard Dearie.
The London Gazette 6 March 1857
Richard Dearie (sued and committed as Robert Dearie), formerly of No 105, Nicholls-square, Hackney–road, Middlesex, Commission Agent for the sale of Wines, afterwards of Rose-street, having at same time places of business at No. 81 Glassford –street, at No. 30 Port Dundas-road, and at No.91 Candle Rigg-street, the last four named places being in Glasgow, Scotland, Licensed Victualler, then of Rose-street, Glasgow, and late of No. 2, Murray-street, New North–road, Hoxton, Middlesex, Commission Agent for the sale of Ales and Beer.
Perry’s Bankrupt Gazette - Saturday 14 March 1857 p.6 Court House Portugal Street 20 Mar at 11, Dearie, Richard (Sued as Robert Dearie), of Murray-st, New North -rd, commission agent for the sale of beer.
The Edinburgh Gazette 27 March 1857
In the Court for Relief of Insolvent Debtors:- To be heard at the Court-House, Portugal Street, Lincoln’s Inn-Fields, Middlesex, before the Chief Commissioner, on the 7th day of April 1857, RICHARD DEARIE, (sued and committed as Robert Dearie), formerly of No 105, Nicholls Square, Hackney Road, Commission Agent, afterwards of Rose Street, Glasgow, Scotland, having at the same time places of business at 81 Glasgow (sic) Street, Glasgow and 30 Port Dundas-road, Glasgow, 91 Candlerigg Street, Glasgow, Licensed Victualler, then of Rose Street aforesaid, out of Business, and late of 2, Murray Street, New North Road, Hoxton, Middlesex, Commission Agent for the sale of Ales and Beer, and now a Prisoner in the Debtors’ Prison for London and Middlesex. G. ATKINSON, Attorney, 51, Bedford Row.
From THE LUZERNE LEGAL REGISTER. WILKES-BARRE. PA 1883.
ESTATE OF RICHARD DEARIE, LATE OF Wilkes-Barre, deceased, Letters of administration upon the above named estate having been granted to the undersigned, all persons having claims against the same will present them for payment, and those indebted thereto will please make immediate payment to GEORGE DEARIE, A. FARNHAM, Administrator. Attorney.
The London Gazette 8 May 1849
Whereas a Fiat of Bankruptcy, bearing date the 4th day of May 1849, is awarded and issued forth against Richard Dearie, of No. 9, Charles-street, Soho-square, in the county of Middlesex, Licensed Victualler, Dealer and Chapman, and he being declared a bankrupt is hereby required to surrender himself to Edward Goulburn Esq. one of her Majesty’s Commissioners of the Court of Bankruptcy, on the 19th day of May instant, at half past one o’clock in the afternoon precisely, and on the 9th day of June next, at eleven o’clock in the forenoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, Basinghall- street, in the city of London and make a full discovery and disclosure of his estate and effects; when and where the creditors are to come prepared to prove their debts, and at the first sitting to choose assignees, and at the last sitting the said bankrupt is required to finish his examination. All persons indebted to the said bankrupt, or that have any of his effects, are not to pay or deliver the same but to Mr. John Follett, No. 1 Sambrook-court, Basinghall-street, the Official Assignee, whom the Commissioner has appointed, and give notice to Mr. George Rose Innes, Solicitor, No 20 Billiter-street, London.
Worcestershire Chronicle - Wednesday 9 May 1849, p.8 Bankrupts. Richard Dearie, licensed victualler, Charles Street, Soho Square.
Worcester Journal - Thursday 10 May 1849, p.3. Bankrupts. Richard Dearie, Charles-street, Soho-square, victualler, Bradford Observer - Thursday 10 May 1849, p.2, Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette - Thursday 10 May 1849, p.2 Bankrupts. Richard Dearie,licensed victualler. Charles-street, Soho-square.
The London Gazette 11 May 1849 BANKRUPTCIES AWARDED. Richard Dearie, of No. 9 Charles Street, Soho Square, Middlesex, licensed victualler and Royal Cornwall Gazette - Friday 11 May 1849, p.8,Richard Dearie, Charles Street, Soho Square,licensed victualler.
Leamington Spa Courier - Saturday 12 May 1849, p.4 Bankrupts. Richard Dearie, licensed victualler, Charles Street, Soho Square and Reading Mercury - Saturday 12 May 1849, p.3 Richard Dearie, Charles Street, Soho Square,licensed victualler, and Yorkshire Gazette - Saturday 12 May 1849,p.7,Richard Dearie, Charles Street, Soho Square, victualler, and Leicestershire Mercury - Saturday 12 May 1849, p.4, Richard Dearie, Soho Square, licensed victualler. Sheffield Independent - Saturday 12 May 1849, p.7, Bankrupts. To Surrender at Basinghall Street. Richard Dearie, Charles street, Soho square, licensed victualler, May 19 and June 9, solr. Mr. Innes Billiter street. Newcastle Journal - Saturday 12 May 1849,p.4,Bankrupts. Richard Dearie, Charles street, victualler, May 19 at half past 1, and June 9 at 11. Sol. Mr. Innes, Billiter street; Official Asignee, Mr. Follett, Sambrook court. Exeter and Plymouth Gazette - Saturday 12 May 1849, p.2, Richard Dearie, Soho Square, licensed victualler.
The London Gazette 27 May 1849
EDWARD GOULBURN, Esq. one of her Majesty’s Commissioners authorised to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy, bearing date the 4th day of May 1849, awarded and issued forth against Richard Dearie, of No. 9 Charles –street, Soho-square, in the county of Middlesex, Licensed Victualler, Dealer and Chapman, will sit on 7th June next at one o’clock in the afternoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, in Basinghall-street, in the city of London, in order to proceed to the choice of Assignees to the estate and effects of the said bankrupt under the said Fiat.
The Era, Sun 03 Jun, 1849, p. 16, HENRY HAINES is instructed by the Assignees of Richard Dearie, bankrupt, under an Order of the Court of Bankruptcy, and by the consent of the Mortgagees, to sell by Public Auction, at Garraway’s, on Wednesday, June 13th at Twelve for One , the LEASE AND GOODWILL OF THE FISH AND BELL, CHARLES -STREET, OXFORD-STREET. The above property is extremely well situated for business, being placed in a PROMINENT AND COMMANDING SITUATION, in a crowded, bustling and business like neighbourhood; the lease has nearly TWENTY YEARS UNEXPIRED at an extremely moderate rental. For further particulars apply to H. Martineau, Solicitor, 2 Raymond's-buildings, Gray's Inn; at Garraway's; The Castle Tavern Moorgate; Macclesfield Arms Tavern, City Road; and at the Auctioneer's Offices, 38, Moorgate-street , City.
Morning Post - Saturday 9 June 1849, p.7 Law Sittings This Day. Court of Bankruptcy Basinghall Street. Last Examination: Richard Dearie, Soho, victualler, at eleven.
The Era - Sunday 10 June 1849 p.2 HENRY HAINES is instructed by the Assignees of Richard Dearie, bankrupt, under an Order of the Court of Bankruptcy, and by the consent of the Mortgagees, to sell by Public Auction, at Garraway’s, on Thursday, June 14th at Twelve for One , the LEASE AND GOODWILL OF THE FISH AND BELL, CHARLES -STREET, OXFORD-STREET. The above property is extremely well situated for business, being placed in a PROMINENT AND COMMANDING SITUATION, in a crowded, bustling and business like neighbourhood; the lease has nearly TWENTY YEARS UNEXPIRED at an extremely moderate rental. For further particulars apply to John Follett Esq. Official Assignee, 1, Sambrook Court, Basinghall -street, George Rose Innes, Esq. Solicitor, No 20 Billiter-street, Billiter-square; H. Martineau, Solicitor, 2 Raymond's-buildings, Gray's Inn; at Garraway's; The Castle Tavern Moorgate; Macclesfield Arms Tavern, City Road; and at the Auctioneer's Offices, 38, Moorgate-street , City.
The London Gazette 12 June 1849.
Fish and Bell Wine Vaults, Charles-street, Oxford- street. HENRY HAINES is instructed by the assignees of Richard Dearie, bankrupt, under an Order of the Court of Bankruptcy, to sell by auction, at Garraway’s, on Thursday, June 14th 1849, the lease of the above house. The lease and agreement have 23 and a quarter years to run, from Midsummer day next, at a net annual rental of £80. For further particulars apply to J. Follett, Esq. Official Assignee, No 1. Sambrook court, Basinghall-street; George Rose Innes, Esq. Solicitor, No 20 Billiter-street, Billiter-square; H. Martineau, Esq. No. 2, Grays-inn; and at the Auctioneer’s offices, No. 38, Moorgate-street, City.
London Standard - Monday 4 August 1851, p.4
Bankruptcy Court August 2. In Re Richard Dearie. The bankrupt was described as of Charles-street , Soho, licensed victualler. The bankrupt passed.
The London Gazette 17 October 1851
WHEREAS the Court authorised to act in the prosecution of a Fiat in Bankruptcy, bearing date 4th day of May 1849, against Richard Dearie, of No. 9 Charles –street, Soho, in the county of Middlesex, Licensed Victualler, Dealer and Chapman, has, on the application of the said bankrupt, appointed a public sitting under such to be held before Edward Goulburn Esq. one of her Majesty’s Commissioners of the Court of Bankruptcy, on the 8th day of November next, at eleven of the clock in the forenoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, in Basinghall-street, in the city of London, for the allowance of the Certificate of the said bankrupt’s conformity to the laws now in force concerning bankrupts, according to the form and subject to the provisions of the Statute, passed in the Parliament holden in the twelfth and thirteenth years of the reign of Her present Majesty, entitled “The Bankrupt Law Consolidation Act, 1849”; this is to give notice, that such Court will sit, at the time and place above mentioned, for the purpose aforesaid; when and where any of the creditors of the said bankrupt, who shall have given due notice of their intention to oppose, may be heard against the allowance of such Certificate, and the same will be allowed, unless cause be then and there shewn to the contrary, or such order will be made therein as the justice of the case may require.
The London Gazette 28 October 1851
EDWARD GOULBURN, Esq. one of her Majesty’s Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy, bearing date the 4th day of May 1849, awarded and issued forth against Richard Dearie, of No. 9, Charles –street, Soho-square, in the county of Middlesex, Licensed Victualler, Dealer and Chapman, will sit on the 8th day of November next, at eleven of the clock in the forenoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, in Basinghall-street, in the city of London, to audit the Accounts of the assignees of the estate and effects of the said bankrupt, under the said Fiat, pursuant to the Acts of Parliament made and now in force relating to bankrupts.
The Times 10 November 1851
Before Mr. Commissioner Goulburn. Re Dearie. The bankrupt R. Dearie, victualler, Charles Street applied for his certificate. The balance sheet from the 3rd April 1848 to the 4th May 1849 shows the following: Creditors £1,487, ditto holding security, £513 profits, £341 debts considered bad, £154 property held as security, £513 losses, £457 trade expenses, £425 personal expenses, £342 repairs, £250; deficiency on the 3rd April 1848, £197. Mr. Linklater supported the bankrupt, and Mr. Innis appeared for the assignees, who offered no opposition. Mr. Linklater trusted his Honour in this case would grant a certificate of second class, as the bankrupt had conducted himself with great propriety, and the official assignee's report was not unfavourable. His Honour said there was an absence of a cashbook. He should grant a certificate of third class.
The London Gazette 21 November 1851
THIS is to give notice, that the Court acting in the prosecution of a Fiat in Bankruptcy, filed on the 4th day of May 1849, against Richard Dearie, of No. 9, Charles –street, Soho-square, in the county of Middlesex, Licensed Victualler, Dealer and Chapman, did, on the 8th day of November 1851, allow the sad Richard Dearie a certificate of the third class; and that such Certificate will be delivered to the said bankrupt, unless a appeal be duly entered against the judgment of such Court, and notice thereof be given to the Court.